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An Index of Various Spokeshaves
or The Stanley/Bailey Spokeshave Index

Starting December 2008 - I'm on holidays at the beach, it's been storming and raining and I have run out of books to read. Inspired by some threads on the old tools list, and the many times I have wanted to refer to a list of old spokeshaves, I have decided to put together a list of various old models out and about. I'll start off with the old Stanley and Bailey shaves and then maybe expand from there. I've needed a list like this and hope it might be useful to somebody else.

Through 2009 it's come along slowly but it's the end of the year and I want it finished (while pretending it's possible to ever actually finish something like this).

Still to do:
* Finish filling in the descriptions
* Finish the glossary
* Research the mythical #52 and #152 raised handled round bottom shaves
* Research the details of the #58 shave that appeared in the 1870 catalog
* Research the details of the 1870 #61 shave
* Research the possibility of a #74 shave
* Research the possibility of a #77 shave
* Research the possibility of a #78 shave
* Research the possibility of a #79 shave
* Research and record UK/US differences
* Add original Bailey models
* Add some photos

Bailey 1 Spokeshave
Bailey 2 Spokeshave
Bailey 3 Spokeshave
Bailey 4 Adjustable Mouth Spokeshave
Bailey 5 Spokeshave
Bailey 6 Coopers Spokeshave
Bailey 6 1/2 Coopers Spokeshave
Bailey 7 Spokeshave
Bailey 8 Spokeshave
Bailey 9 Spokeshave
Bailey 10 Spokeshave
Bailey 11 split-frame shave
Bailey 12 shave
Bailey Victor 41 Double Iron Spokeshave
Bailey Victor 43 Adjustable Spokeshave
Stanley 12 Scraper
Stanley 51 Raised Handled Spokeshave
Stanley 51R Raised Handled Round Bottom Spokeshave
Stanley 52 Straight Handled Spokeshave
Stanley 52 Round Bottom Raised Handled Spokeshave ?
Stanley 151 Raised Handled Adjustable Spokeshave
Stanley 151M Malleable Iron Raised Handled Adjustable Spokeshave
Stanley 151R Round Bottom Raised Handled Adjustable Spokeshave
Stanley 151RM Malleable Iron Round Bottom Raised Handled Adjustable Spokeshave
Stanley 152 Straight Handled Adjustable Spokeshave
Stanley 152 Round Bottom Raised Handled Adjustable Spokeshave ?
Stanley 53 Raised Handled Adjustable Mouth Spokeshave
Stanley 54 Straight Handled Adjustable Mouth Spokeshave
Stanley 55 Hollow Faced Spokeshave
Stanley 56 Coopers Shave
Stanley 56 1/2 Coopers Shave
Stanley 57 Coopers Shave
Stanley 58 Flat Handled Double Bladed Shave
Stanley 59 Flat Handled Shave
Stanley 60 Double Sided Shave
Stanley 61 Patent Adjustable Shave
Stanley 62 Double Bladed Reversible Shave (Heavy)
Stanley 63 Round Bottom Straight Handled Small Shave
Stanley 63X Round Bottom Small Shave
Stanley 64 Straight Handled Small Shave
Stanley 65 Chamfer Shave
Stanley 66 Beader
Stanley 67 Universal Spokeshave
Stanley 68 Rebate/Rabbet Shave
Stanley 69 Hand Beader
Stanley 70 Box Scraper
Stanley 71 Bronze Rebate/Rabbet Shave
Stanley 71 Router Plane
Stanley 71 1/2 Router Plane
Stanley 72 Japanned Razor Edge Spokeshave
Stanley 73 Japanned Razor Edge Spokeshave
Stanley 75 Nickel Plated Razor Edge Spokeshave
Stanley 76 Nickel Plated Razor Edge Spokeshave
Stanley 80 Scraper
Stanley 81 Scraper
Stanley 81 Razor Edge Rosewood Spokeshave
Stanley 82 Razor Edge Rosewood Spokeshave
Stanley 83 Cabinet Scraper
Stanley 84 Razor Edge Boxwood Spokeshave
Stanley 85 Razor Edge Boxwood Spokeshave
Table of Features
Glossary of terms
References

The Bailey shave that became the Stanley #51 Raised Handled Spokeshave.

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Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

This scraper has a cast body with a single long rosewood handle attached across the body.

Classic Bailey pattern, double iron, improved, raised handle, flat soled, cast iron, spokeshave.

The raised handles are curved in a gentle arc upward then down toward the ends and are sometimes to as 'Gull Wing' or 'Semi Gull Wing' but gull wing style handles are typically raised at a much more extreme angle than the Stanley raised handles. Earlier shaves have plain handles and later shaves have some checkering. There is a hang-hole cast in the end of the each handle. The shave is black japanned iron and measures around 10 inches from end to end.

These shaves have a cutter with a cap iron, both held to the body with a screw. The cap iron is tensioned with either a thumb screw or a knurled headed screw that is slotted on some models. The cap iron arrangement gives even pressure along the edge of the blade and permits adjustment without the use of a screwdriver.

The blade (cutter) is 2 1/8 inches wide with a rounded or arched top and has a punched slot for the cap iron retention screw to pass through.

A convex (round) soled version of the Stanley 51.

Straight (flat) handled version of the Stanley 51.

The straight handles have a flatter profile than the raised handles and have a depression running along the centre of the handle from the base to the hang hole. The later shaves have checkering on the handles but the earlier versions did not. There is a hang-hole cast in the end of the each handle. The shave is black japanned iron and measures 10 inches from end to end.

These shaves have a cutter with a cap iron, both held to the body with a screw. The cap iron is tensioned with either a thumb screw or a knurled headed screw that is slotted on some models. The cap iron arrangement gives even pressure along the edge of the blade and permits adjustment without the use of a screwdriver.

The blade (cutter) is 2 1/8 inches wide with a rounded or arched top and has a punched hole for the cap iron retention screw to pass through.

There are sites that mention a Raised handled round bottom shave as a #52. It is suspected that either those are Raised handled round bottom #51R shaves that have not been correctly identified, or perhaps there is some regional difference, maybe UK/US.

This round bottom version of the Stanley 51 is mentioned on some sites and called a Stanley 52. It is suspected that either those are Raised handled round bottom #51R shaves that have not been correctly identified, or perhaps there is some regional difference, maybe UK/US.

Adjustable version of the Stanley 51. The Cutters in these Spoke Shaves are adjustable endwise and sidewise by means of the adjusting screws. The body of the shave is Japanned and the handles have hang holes.

This is a Malleable Iron version of the Stanley 151 adjustable shave. This shave and the round bottom Stanley 151RM are believed to be the only malleable iron shaves made by Stanley.

a round bottom (also called radiused with the sole is convex front to back) version of the Stanley 151.

This is a Malleable Iron version of the Stanley 151R round bottom adjustable shave. This shave and the flat bottomed Stanley 151M are believed to be the only malleable iron shaves made by Stanley.

Adjustable version of the straight handled Stanley 52.

There are sites that mention an Adjustable raised handled round bottom shave as a #152. It is suspected that either those are Adjustable raised handled round bottom #151R shaves that have not been correctly identified, or perhaps there is some regional difference, maybe UK/US.

This round bottom version of the Stanley 151 is mentioned on some sites and called a Stanley 152. It is suspected that either those are Adjustable raised handled round bottom #151R shaves that have now been correctly identified, or perhaps there is some regional difference, maybe UK/US.

The raised handles are curved in a gentle arc upward then down toward the ends and are sometimes to as 'Gull Wing' or 'Semi Gull Wing' but the gull wing style handles are raised at a much more extreme angle than the Stanley raised handles. The later shaves have checkering on the handles but the earlier versions did not. There is a hang-hole cast in the end of the each handle. The shave is black japanned iron and measures 10 inches from end to end.

This shave has no cap iron and the blade is held with a slotted machine screw into the body. A thumbscrew is used to adjust the yoke angle which changes the mouth opening for courser or finer work. Early models have a round brass 'thumbscrew' and later models have an iron knurled knob. The blade has a long narrow slot for the holding screw to pass through and the thumbscrew adjustment presses on the shave body rather than on the blade.

Straight (flat) handled version of the Stanley 53 adjustable mouth shave.

The straight handles have a flatter profile than the raised handles and have a depression running along the centre of the handle from the base to the hang hole. The later shaves have checkering on the handles but the earlier versions did not. There is a hang-hole cast in the end of the each handle. The shave is black japanned iron and measures 10 inches from end to end.

This shave has no cap iron and the blade is held with a slotted machine screw into the body. A thumbscrew is used to adjust the yoke angle which changes the mouth opening for courser or finer work. Early models have a round brass 'thumbscrew' and later models have an iron knurled knob. The blade has a long narrow slot for the holding screw to pass through and the thumbscrew adjustment presses on the shave body rather than on the blade.

This shave has a sole that is concave across the body (Stanley call this a hollow face) with a blade shaped to match and is used for round work like oar handles.

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Extra long and heavy version of the 56 Coopers Shave.

This shave has a body similar to a Stanley 51 but has straight handles 45cm (18 inches) tip to tip.

A double bladed, flat handle, cast iron, spokeshave, but what are the details? It appears quite similar to the 52. ??

flat handled, no real details yet. ?

Shave that is like two bodies joined together, a straight blade and a concave one (concave blade for rounding convex work), side by side.

Called 'New Style' in the 1870 Stanley Catalog.

Double bladed reversible shave. traut & richards patent. the blade holder is often broken.

Small straight handled convex shave with 1 3/4 inch blade.

Small straight handled convex shave with 1 1/2 inch blade. The body casting is marked X63 underneath the blade. The blade has a slot cut through the top edge to allow removal through the mouth of the shave without completely removing the cap iron.

Stanley advertised this shave as being designed especially for use in Manual Training Schools or for any use requiring the use of an extra light spokeshave.

The 63X or X-63 is similar to the Stanley 63 but has a narrower blade, a polished arched top cap iron held with a slotted machine screw and the handles are thinner and more rounded. Actually the 63X is really not much like the 63.

Straight handled small shave with 1 3/4 inch blade.

Chamfer shave

Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Rosewood handled universal spoke shave for curved or straight work

Stanley catalogue of 1898 says "Both handles are detachable, and either of them can be screwed into a socket on top of the stock, thus enabling the owner to work into corners, or panels, as no other spokeshave can do. This spokeshave has two detachable bottoms, adapting it equally well to circular work or straight; and, by means of a movable width gauge, the tool can be used in rabbeting."

Stanley catalogue of 1914 says "A recent improvement is that one handle has a right and the other a left hand thread, and the proper sockets to recieve them are threaded accordingly. This prevents any possibility of the handles working loose when the tool in in use."

Shaves of early vintage show a single socket on the stock and both handles are threaded the same, whereas later shaves show two sockets on the top of the stock, one threaded each way, and handles are marked L or R. !!!!!!!!Revise

Patent number: 555228
Issue date: Feb 25 1896
Application Filed: May 31 1895
SPOKESHAVE AND RABBET-PLANE
JUSTUS A. TRAUT

Iron version of the #71 Bronze Rebate shave

Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

Beader with a small nickel plated body and a single turned wooden handle. This beader is operated one-handed by pulling toward the body using the handle mounted on the front of the body. The blades are similar to those used in the Stanley 66 Beader.

Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Bronze rebate shave with bottom guide.

11 inches long with a 2 1/8 inch cutter.

These shaves are listed on some sites as being made from brass whereas the Stanley catalogs all list them as being made from Bronze.

http://www.patented-antiques.com/Tools_miscstanley.htm

http://www.hansbrunnertools.gil.com.au/Stanley%20by%20numbers/Stanley%2071.htm

Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Iron bodied, japanned shave with a 2 inch cutter.

Iron bodied, japanned shave with a 2 1/2 inch cutter.

Iron bodied, nickel plated shave with a 2 inch cutter.

Iron bodied, nickel plated shave with a 2 1/2 inch cutter.

Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Rosewood bodied shave with a 2 inch cutter.

Rosewood bodied shave with a 2 1/2 inch cutter.

Another tool that is not a spokeshave but is sometimes incorrectly called a shave.

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Boxwood bodied shave with a 2 inch cutter.

Boxwood bodied shave with a 2 1/2 inch cutter.

Put a description here ....

Model Body Handles Hangholes Sole Length Blade
Bailey #4 Cast Iron Straight No Flat 10 inches?? 2 1/8 inches??
Stanley #51 Cast Iron Raised Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #51R Cast Iron Raised Yes Round 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #52 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #52 ? Cast Iron Raised ? Yes Round ? 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #151 Cast Iron Raised Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #151M Malleable Iron Raised Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #151R Cast Iron Raised Yes Round 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #151RM Cast Iron Raised Yes Round 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #152 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #152 ? Cast Iron Raised? Yes Round? 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #53 Cast Iron Raised Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #54 Cast Iron Raised Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #55 Cast Iron Raised Yes Hollow 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #56 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 18 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #56 1/2 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 19 inches 4 inches
Stanley #57 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 18 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #58 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #59 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #60 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat & Hollow 10 inches 2 x 1 1/2 inches
Stanley #61 Cast Iron Straight No Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #62 Cast Iron Raised Yes Flat 10 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #63 Cast Iron Straight Yes Round 9 inches 1 3/4 inches
Stanley #63X Cast Iron Straight Yes Round 9 inches 1 1/2 inches
Stanley #64 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 9 inches 1 3/4 inches
Stanley #65 Cast Iron Raised Yes Chamfer 9 1/2 inches 1 1/2 inches
Stanley #67 Cast Iron Straight Rosewood No Flat & Round 9 1/4 inches 1 7/8 inches
Stanley #68 Cast Iron Straight Loop Loop Handles Flat Rebate 11 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #71 Bronze Straight Loop Loop Handles Flat Rebate 11 inches 2 1/8 inches
Stanley #72 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 11 inches 2 inches
Stanley #73 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 11 inches 2 1/2 inches
Stanley #75 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 11 inches 2 inches
Stanley #76 Cast Iron Straight Yes Flat 11 inches 2 1/2 inches
Stanley #81 Rosewood Straight No Flat 11 inches 2 inches
Stanley #82 Rosewood Straight No Flat 12 inches 2 1/2 inches
Stanley #84 Boxwood Straight No Flat 11 inches 2 inches
Stanley #85 Boxwood Straight No Flat 12 inches 2 1/2 inches

Put a description here ....

Term Description
DoubleBlade Refers to a design using two cutting blades, sometimes called Double Cutter.
DoubleCutter Refers to a design using two cutting blades, sometimes called Double Blade.
DoubleIron Refers to a design using a blade and a cap iron.
Cap Iron description
Cast Iron description
Convex Shave Refers to the rounded sole (bottom) of a shave that is convex front to back for working inside a curve. Stanley sometimes refers to this style sole as 'Rounded' but usually as 'Convex'.
Curved Handle Alternate name for Raised Handle that Stanley uses mostly.
Flat Handle Alternate name for Straight Handle that Stanley uses mostly.
Flat Sole description
Improved Stanley marketing speak for shaves that are later than the original Bailey models :-)
Malleable Iron The iron used to make the bodies for the so-called unbreakable shaves. Some catalogs refer to this as being 'stronger' and others refer to the shave as being 'unbreakable'. The shaves made from malleable iron were the first shaves to include thumb rests on the joint from the body to the handle
Radiused Sole Refers to the rounded sole (bottom) of a shave that is convex front to back for working inside a curve.
Raised Handle Usual name for the raised/curved form handles.
Razor Edge So called from the shape of the cutter which is hollow ground giving an exceptionally keen cutting edge.
Rounded Sole description
Straight Handle Usual name for the flat/straight form shave handles.
Thumb Rest The Malleable Iron Stanley #151M shave was the first Stanley shave to include integrated thumbrests cast into the body of the shave where the handled connect. The Thumb Rests were later included on other models of shave.
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